0+ HAPPENING will start in:
April 17, 18, 19
Calle Nuova, 2041. Venezia
Come Play!

CHILDREN EVERYWHERE is an art and research project conducted by children and an interdisciplinary team of professionals, exploring the concept of childhood foreignness. Its main goal is to shed light on and examine the obstacles encountered by children in today's society, providing them with a platform to express their experiences and concerns artistically.

A group of migrant children from Lisbon, accompanied by Venetian children, will publicly showcase their newly designed street games as part of the 0+ HAPPENING during the pre-opening of the Venice Art Biennale 2024 on April 17, 18, and 19.

The happening is preceded by a research and design program that focuses on street games, exploring them as a generic language understood by all. The new games are featured in the Game Catalog for the Venice Art Biennale 2024.

The project was undertaken by the Architectural Thinking School for Children, which works with migrant children in Lisbon.

Address: Calle Nuova, 2041 Venezia

instead of a Manifesto


Mat: Mat. Child
Tim: Tim. Child
Peter: Peter. Child
Zoia: Zoia. Child
Alexander: Alexander Novikov. Curator of the BAMBINI OVUNQUE
Elena: Elena Karpilova. Curator of the BAMBINI OVUNQUE
Adriano: Adriano Pedrosa. Curator of the 2024 Venice Art Biennale
Aristotle: Aristotle. Greek philosopher
Campanella: Tommaso Campanella. Italian philosopher and theologian
Golding: William Golding. British novelist and playwright
Rousseau: Jean-Jacques Rousseau. French-Swiss philosopher and writer
Socrates: Socrates. Greek philosopher
Ariès: Philippe Ariès. French medieval historian
deMause: Lloyd deMause. American psychoanalyst and social historian
Huizinga: Johan Huizinga. Dutch historian
Kohl: Soleil Kohl. Founder of Big Kid Kindergarten — kindergarten for grown ups
Gadamer: Hans-Georg Gadamer. German philosopher
Postman: Neil Postman. American writer and educator
Fink: Eugen Fink. German philosopher
Bourriaud: Nicolas Bourriaud, author of the concept of Relational art
Wolf: Wolf Rilla, режиссер
Bruegel: Pieter Bruegel the Elder. Dutch artist
Alexander Novikov
Curator of the BAMBINI OVUNQUE
Elena Karpilova
Curator of the BAMBINI OVUNQUE
Adriano Pedrosa
Curator of the 2024 Venice Art Biennale
Greek philosopher

Tommaso Campanella

Italian philosopher and theologian

William Golding

British novelist and playwright

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Philosopher and writer



Philippe Ariès

French medieval historian

Lloyd deMause

American psychoanalyst and social historian

Johan Huizinga

Dutch historian

Soleil Kohl

создательница Big Kid Kindergarten — детского сада для взрослых в Шотландии

Hans-Georg Gadamer

German philosopher

Neil Postman

American writer and educator

Eugen Fink

German philosopher

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

Part I. Article 1

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Dutch artist


It is clear to me. Children are "underdeveloped" beings who, due to their underdevelopment, cannot think correctly or logically. Therefore, they cannot be happy. What children are we talking about?!
Right, right, a child is just the beginning of the development of a "normal" human, and they fully belong to the state. Once they grow up and are raised, they will become outstanding citizens who contribute to the welfare of their state.
Peter Brook
«‎Lord of the Flies»
1963 г.
Architectural Thinking School for Children
Oh come on, children are capable of creating their own state. Not worse... but not better than the real one.
If only we could turn children into adults faster... Why is that? You constantly seek an adult in a child, without considering what they were before becoming adults. Humanity has its place in the universal order, and childhood also has its place in the universal order.
Oh, leave it be, they cannot, I tell you, they cannot be full-fledged individuals and citizens!
Not only that, they have become tyrants! They don't stand up when an elderly person enters the room, they talk back to their parents. In simple terms, they are very naughty...
Oh, of course, it's children we're talking about. How many such adults are there? Why do you, philosophers who lived 2000 years ago, still have an influence? Why even divide society into children and adults? Everything is relative, dear Socrates and Aristotle, much has changed after you. Throughout all times following you, the concept of "childhood" has been perceived very differently...
I confirm. Moreover, not only society, but parents have always treated their child differently, from the desire to get rid of them, continuing with the idea of strict discipline through punishments, and ending with the approach of assistance, which is relevant today. Today's child is fortunate: their parents listen and understand them, encouraging their interests!
Wolf Rilla
«‎Village of the Damned»
1960 г.
Architectural Thinking School for Children
Yes, but at the same time, the image of a child in culture is almost always the image of an alien. At best. And if we remember cinema: "Bad Blood," "The Exorcist," "Children of the Corn"... Adults, due to their lack of understanding of the child, seem to want to give them the image of something otherworldly and frightening.
And when did we actually start calling a child a child?
Ladies and gentlemen, let me intervene, it's all very simple. We settled this long ago, 30 years ago to be precise. A child is defined as every human being below the age of 18 unless, under the law applicable to the child, they attain majority earlier. We represent over 190 states from all over the world, so we believe our opinion on this matter is indeed correct.
Really? Are we equating it to a specific age of 18? It seems to me that childhood is a social artifact rather than a biological category. Consider this: our genes do not contain clear instructions on who is a child and who is not.
I agree, we are indeed not talking about biology, but something broader here.
Let's go back 400 years, for example, there was no such convention, but children still existed. However, there was no separate world of childhood then. Children and adults had the same games, toys, and stories. They lived together, never separately. On one hand, of course, all those iconic images of the Virgin Mary with the infant in her arms, where we definitely won't confuse who the child is. On the other hand, the crowded paintings of Bruegel, in which the real reality is reflected. Just look closely: children dance, have fun together with adults, do absolutely the same things as adults. A child-"not-yet-an-adult" is the same as an adult.
Yes, yes! By the way, I also studied the iconography of the Middle Ages and am convinced that in those times, a child was considered a little adult.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder
«‎Children's Games»
Children are foreigners.
Truly, wonders indeed! You look at it, and they are all alike.
But the differences between an adult and a child are internal. One can say that an adult knows about certain aspects of life - its secrets, contradictions, cruelty, tragedies, while children do not, and it is considered better for them not to know about it.
Oh, the reality of adult life... Moral and political decisions, the burden of work, the intensity of the struggle, responsibility for oneself and loved ones. It's as if only a child has the right to play, spend hours in carefree joy, and squander time in vain...
Oh no, Mr. Eugene, come visit me at my kindergarten. I created it especially for adults. You can play there, draw, and build towers with blocks.
Oh, I wish my dad could go there, he's always working... He has two jobs, and even when he eats, he's always on the phone! Maybe we should send him to the kindergarten...
Big Kid Kindergarten
I would even say that play is a way of being a work of art! And the highest level of human play, its "culmination," is the achievement of an ideal state, which is art.
Aha, aha ...
Oh, no, my boy, playing truly and in the real sense of the word is only for children. In adult life, there are only hints of childhood, unattainable attempts at "recreation"... Or is play still the main phenomenon for other ages as well?
I see, they started talking about play here! But this is my domain. Play, my dear Eugene, is undoubtedly for all ages; it is a function imbued with meaning. It is older than culture; it precedes culture; it creates culture!
So, is play an art then? And do adults master this language?
Yes! Adults often come up with games for me, for example, once we were driving for a long time in the car, and dad suggested that I count windmills, while he counted watermills.
To be continued ...

Architectural Thinking School for Children

The project is undertaken by the Architectural Thinking School, a think tank composed of children and an interdisciplinary team of professionals. The school operates at the intersection of experimental pedagogy and a wide range of disciplines, using architectural thinking as a tool to promote a child as a full-fledged participant in the adult world.

The School was founded in 2016 in Minsk by architect Alexander Novikov and art historian and designer Elena Karpilova as an institution of supplementary education with an innovative approach to teaching. In 2022, due to the onset of the war, the school relocated to Portugal and now and works in Lisbon with children aged 5 to 15, the majority of whom are migrants.

In 2022, the School was awarded with the Inspire Future Generations Award (Thornton Education Trust) as the Best International Organisation for its contribution to architectural education and work with migrant communities.


  • Alexander Novikov
  • Elena Karpilova
  • Alesia Marushkina
  • Maria Kovalevich
    Foto / Video
  • Inês Marques
  • Maria Canelhas
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